Zip Everything In Current Directory Linux

To delete everything in a directory run: rm /path/to/dir/* To remove everything to remove all sub-directories and files: rm -r /path/to/dir/* Let us see some examples of rm command to delete all files in a directory when using Linux operating systems. The ``--directory'' option tells tar to first switch to the following directory path (the ``/'' directory in this example) prior to starting the backup. The following example shows how to set the working directory in R to the folder “Data” within the folder “Documents and Settings” on the C drive. Whether you want to deploy an OpenStack cloud, a Kubernetes cluster or a 50,000-node render farm, Ubuntu Server delivers the best value scale-out performance available. VI and VIM Linux editor tutorial of advanced editing features and tricks. chm for further information). iso” and is in your working directory): grep kali-linux- 2016. Copy (or move) the JDK file from the directory where you downloaded it to the current directory. The zip helps to compress and reduce the size of file and directory. 1 (Buster), antiX and MX repos. On Linux on Itanium, sendfile may be unable to handle files over 2GB in size. pdf php_install. The Linux arborescence is a Tree, starting at the root: / Each subfolder created under is accessible with / Ex: /home/pi => pi is a subfolder of /home, home is a subfolder in / Don't forget to use sudo if you are not allowed to access the file or directory (sudo gives you administrator privileges for the command that follows). How do I make a. Whether you’re writing complex software or performing file management through the command line, knowing how to manipulate the different I/O streams in your. So, the better way is to use rsync –exclude-from option as shown below, where you can list all the files (and directories) you want to exclude in a file. zip or similar. Have you ever wondered how to create a directory and name it the current date or time or month or year from commandline in Linux? That's what we are going to learn today. *nix systems can use the hfsexplorer. I’ll run you through using some of these formats to compress and decompress files and directories on a Linux machine. In this case, the parent directory of cs61a is your home directory, so you can use cd. Remove everything in the build directory created by 'make' 'make distclean' Remove everything in the build directory created by 'configure' and 'make'. zip file already contains the internal structure that Rockbox needs. Using the date command to get the current date and time on the system. Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. conf and runs the chmod o+r command to modify file permissions of the find results. For example, to create a subdirectory called work, at the Unix prompt from within your home directory, enter: mkdir work. Finding files is a very common task on any operating system. This short guide explains you how to extract/unzip. 3- Decompresses the file into a folder in the current directory. By default, the Bash prompt in Red Hat Enterprise Linux shows only your current directory, not the entire path. Both the 7-Zip and IZArc command-line utilities can use list files for processing files and directories. Using this command you will remain in the same directory you were. The Visual Layer ® for Your Digital Business. zip name_of_your_directory. Registered Office: 1800 McGill College Avenue, Suite 2106, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 3J6, Canada. works just fine for me, only important change to the code that i had to make was turning print into a function because im using python 3. Extract the zip file to a directory of your choice. In Dreamweaver, a site organizes all the documents on your local computer associated with your website and lets you track and maintain links, manage files, and transfer your site files to a web server. $ DIR/SIZE/OWNER/PROT FRED*. The star wildcard has the broadest meaning of any of the wildcards, as it can represent zero characters, all single characters or any string. Better yet, just build from source ("make linux" should work on any Linux system). Linux has a lot of file archiving tools, and if you’re a command line buff, look no further than the terminal to get everything done (whether it’s the built-in tar command or the awesome p7zip). If you want you can add this directory to your PATH by typing from this directory:. Also a leading directory name (e. These commands will give you a basic understanding how to navigate and work with files in Linux terminal. It is also available in AUR in Arch Linux. GIT Commands Tutorial Learn what are and how to use the most common GIT commands This tutorial provides a list of the most common GIT commands, a short description for them and example usage. Remember, the minimum version you need to be on to use zero downtime upgrades is JIRA Software 7. Copy an Entire Directory in Linux November 4th, 2005 Tony Leave a comment Go to comments Yeah, this is simple but I'm forgetful so heres how you copy an entire directory, its subdirectories, and files:. Deny access from all IP addresses in the range 192. If the directory structure is changed (as is sometimes necessary), you may occasionally need to delete your local sand box and re-check it out. Under Windows, choose Start ‣ Programs ‣ Python X. WinRAR is a Windows data compression tool that focuses on the RAR and ZIP data compression formats for all Windows users. zip dir1 -x dir1/ignoreDir1/* dir1/ignoreDir2/* However that will still include subdirectories within ignoreDir1 and ignoreDir2. in the enigma directory. This post builds upon the introduction published earlier to the PowerShell blog. Move Sentrifugo zip file into the document root of Apache HTTP server. HandBrake is a tool for converting video from nearly any format to a selection of modern, widely supported codecs. '' character tells tar that it should back up everything in the current directory. A good practice is to unzip to directory in Linux command line. It is useful to backup files, email all files, or even to send software you have created to friends. It boots into a 128M ramdisk, from a USB disk drive, Compact Flash, Hard Drive, Zip Drive, Floppy, Network/Thin Client, CD-ROM or Mini-CD. Zip is a simple, cross-platform file packaging and compression utility for Unix-like systems including Linux and Windows OS; plus many other operating systems. WinRAR is a powerful archive manager. zip in a directory of your liking. The star wildcard has the broadest meaning of any of the wildcards, as it can represent zero characters, all single characters or any string. Typing this returns the results in "long" format: $ ls -l. Linux has a lot of file archiving tools, and if you’re a command line buff, look no further than the terminal to get everything done (whether it’s the built-in tar command or the awesome p7zip). 5 and later allows you to extract from multiple 7Z, CAB, ISO, IMG, LHA, LZH and RAR files. UNCLASSIFIED TIPS * share the current directory tree (via http) at http://$HOSTNAME:8000/ >> python -m SimpleHTTPServer * Copy ssh keys to [email protected] to enable. Volunteers continue developing the Hurd because it is an interesting technical project. The command line can be used to copy and paste files, or you can use the keyboard shortcuts or your computer's right-click function if. 7-Zip is only available for Windows, but you can get a command-line tool for Mac OS X and Linux, too. specifying dir will record not just a file dir/file1 modified in the working tree, a file dir/file2 added to the working tree, but also a file dir/file3 removed from the working tree). Official MapQuest website, find driving directions, maps, live traffic updates and road conditions. 3- Decompresses the file into a folder in the current directory. folder, location or path). My favorite. Recognized by U. ' For Directory. How to build and install the latest Linux kernel from source A map of the Linux kernel. WinRAR is a Windows data compression tool that focuses on the RAR and ZIP data compression formats for all Windows users. Apache NetBeans is free and open source and is governed by the Apache Software Foundation. org Now start the nginx. GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. Fetches the latest Linux Widevine binary so that it can be used by Vivaldi. Developers can recompile them easily by calling the compiler directly, passing source files as arguments. After running this code, the contents of example. To zip a directory,first of all we will check ,do we have zip command installed in Linux system. Fastboot allows you to send commands to the bootloader, which means you can flash/modify things like custom recoveries, stock firmware or factory images etc. mv: Moving (and Renaming) Files. HTML rendering created 2019-10-11 by Michael Kerrisk, author of The Linux Programming Interface, maintainer of the Linux man-pages project. In Linux, every file and directory is under the top-most directory, which is called the “root” directory, but referred to by a single leading slash “/”. A workaround to detect a non zero Exit Code from RD is to use conditional execution to run a command if the RD fails, the second command can be anything, but typically will be an Echo, Goto or CALL. zip HEAD Create a Zip archive that contains the contents of the latest commit on the current branch. This wikiHow teaches you how to view your computer's private and public IP addresses on a Linux computer. dll on Windows, libPLSTAF. VisualCron is an automation, integration and task scheduling tool for Windows. Google Fiber offers super fast Internet up to 1000 Mbps. If your distribution does not provide the necessary packages, you can download them from the following web sites: SDL (≥ 1. Impressum/Imprint. format is the archive format: one of “zip”, “tar”, or “gztar”. Such files normally begin with a multiple-byte marker indicating whether the file's contents are Unicode big-endian, Unicode little-endian, or UTF-8. These commands will give you a basic understanding how to navigate and work with files in Linux terminal. As an example, the file command provides information about any filesystem object (i. To disable secure Linux edit the “/etc/selinux/config” file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows. zip), unpack that file, upload the unpacked files and directories to your web server, and make sure that the directory structure inside the zip file is preserved and that the directory you uploaded to and the following subdirectories under it are. Oracle scores highest in the current offering and strategy categories. Here is a sample of the output along with an explanation. remove_tree, after having deleted everything in a directory, attempted to restore its permissions to the original state but failed. How to build and install the latest Linux kernel from source A map of the Linux kernel. NextPVR is a personal video recorder application for Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac and Docker. As you see in the above example, the test folder contains same type of files i. Using stat command to display file or filesystem status on Linux system. code like this, based on deriving the current path from Python's magic __file__ variable, will work both locally and on the server, both on Windows and on Linux Another possibility: case-sensitivity. If necessary, configure the plugin directory location by setting the value of plugin_dir at server startup. In this post we shall learn to use the find command along with. The rm command removes each specified file. The new developerWorks Premium membership program provides an all-access pass to powerful development tools and resources, including 500 top technical titles (dozens specifically for Java developers) through Safari Books Online, deep discounts on premier developer events, video replays of recent O'Reilly conferences, and more. nvme0 (linux name), I choose drive 'S:' in win10 (win7 can't see it, all the nvme drivers I tried blue screened and I had to go back to last known good configuration, shows as unknown pci device) The setup I recommend if you try this requires 5 or 6 SD cards (ISO's) written with Rufus 3. " Two periods ("dot-dot") means "the parent folder. is there a way I can tell it to not zip one file or one file type ?. Early Linux(1. It is also available in AUR in Arch Linux. Below is the answer for this question. Use ls command to list all files in a directory in Linux; list directories and subdirectories. The subdirectory structure in the directories that I want to exclude is quite substantial so I can't simply add each directory to the -x argument. Above command will navigate two steps back from current directory. Used to make a typescript of everything displayed on the screen. If necessary, a new directory will be created (with a directory size of zero). Everything in Unix is considered to be a file, including physical devices such as DVD-ROMs, USB devices, and floppy drives. 0) was used because it provided a lightweight GPL based operating system. 8 squirrelmail-old"). I’ve a command called unzip and a file called package. Let's learn the must know Linux commands. It is now a valuable resource for people who want to make the most of their mobile devices, from customizing the look and feel to adding new. Below is the answer for this question. At 30 minutes, 18 hours and any day, month, and day of week, this crontab entry will zip and tar the home directory to the /var/backups folder. Pandora's Box — The “unpatchable” exploit that makes every current Nintendo Switch hackable [Updated] Newly published Tegra bootROM exploit could be a big headache for Nintendo and others. Looking for a new email service where you can get the perfect free email address? Then you have come to the right place! At mail. Install the latest version of VMware Tools to enhance the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improve virtual machine management. Type: String. If you are not familiar with building a kernel, you should read up on the Linux Kernel HOWTO for information. Your current working directory is reset in each of these sections to the toplevel of the source directory, so keep that in mind. Note: For more detailed zip examples with command line, read out this post ( How to zip directory in linux explained with examples ). Iperf reports bandwidth, delay jitter, and datagram loss. Directories are files, files are files and devices are files. There's an even more direct way to remove a directory from the command line. It will extract all the contents of the zip file in the current directory. I can extract file using command: All files are extracted into current directory (it is making a directory called package). List of Useful Commands for UNIX SHELL Scripting We all are well aware of Unix Commands but still would like to walk you through some of the commands that we generally come across in our day to day task. In this article, the topic will focus specifically on Linux system logs. zip: zip ACDC_Highway_to_Hell * Text scrolls up the screen showing the files as they are being added. gz To extract a tar. Calling them either with back-tick or with system, even when writing Perl scripts. Date: 10/28/2019 1 Minute to Read Learn how to create, extract, and list files within a compressed zip archive in Secure Shell (SSH), or cPanel Terminal, with the zip and unzip commands. It can backup your data and reduce the size of email attachments, decompress RAR, ZIP and other files. Note that in some cases, the providers of tools do not package them appropriately. The current working directory is the base directory for the saved files, which will later be restored in the same relative locations, so if you want to use a subdirectory wrap this in dir. PyCharm is now also available as a snap package. GetFiles and Directory. zip files to the tar. Google Chrome is a fast, free web browser. iso” and is in your working directory): grep kali-linux- 2016. Cygwin is not: 1. The syntax will be the same in Mac OS X as it is in Linux. You can see a list of the files in your "primer" directory (which should be your current working directory) by typing: % ls. It is useful to backup files, email all files, or even to send software you have created to friends. For example: > make PLATFORM=a620 PLATFORMSUB=100f fir. Just remember that the finished zip filename is the first argument and the directory you wish to recursively zip comes after. Each file is stored in single. all cleanups on current. This will then clone (or make a copy of) the repository in the current working directory. " Two periods ("dot-dot") means "the parent folder. umask(mask) Return information identifying the current operating system. gz and the tar. You need to be very careful with this command because if you fail to give the correct path of the file or directory then it will remove everything from the current directory and you may lose precious data. A LinuxCommand. Only a limited number of images from the CD and DVD sets is available as ISO files for direct download. Take Command displays your command line applications in tabbed windows, with optional File Explorer-style integration for a visual look at your directories. 10+, or Linux, including Ubuntu, RedHat, CentOS 6+, and others. - k4m4/terminals-are-sexy. Webupd8 Team is maintaining a PPA repository with installer scripts for the latest Java 8 and 9, that automatically downloads the Java archive from Oracle website and sets up everything for you. zip -r foo. If the contents of the. , file , directory or link) that is provided to it as an argument (i. The number of railcards cannot exceed the number of travellers Please provide a rails card type. Meeting Schedule Renew Certificate Verify Certificate Update Contact Info EMS Scope of Practice The Board/Division Committees RPAB Position Papers Disciplinary Actions Naloxone Information Ohio Trauma Triage Pro Board Certification Agency Directory EMS News Request EMS/Trauma Data Live Fire Instructor Hazard Recognition Officer Public Safety. In this post I'll show you how to create a self extracting bash script to automate the installation of files on your system. Download Knocker. cp is one of the basic command in Unix. How to get current working directory. Service Packs are cumulative; the current release, Service Pack 7 contains all the fixes made in earlier Service Packs released for WebLogic Server 6. He developed the current a. Just remember that the finished zip filename is the first argument and the directory you wish to recursively zip comes after. 4) If you want to compile the current SVN developmental version, you will additionally need curl and libcurl4. > make fir The results are left in the "bin" directory. HLExtract works natively in both Windows and Linux. This does it but inside the archive, it adds a ". Usually and assuming you are trying this on a LINUX server, when a username is created for a hosting control panel a 'group' will be created with the same name. There is a slight problem with the above command. They are needed for a long long time. The file to delete, specified as either the simple filename (if the file exists in the current base directory), a relative-path filename, or a full-path filename. If the filetype is supported, UniExtract begins by checking for a valid destination directory and recording the directory size. Since there's no path specified,. This includes files, folders, and hidden ". If you specify multiple input files, the name of the current file precedes each output line. , your desktop). Tomcat - A Minimalistic User's Guide. Forrester notes that customers like Oracle databases’ capability to support many workloads including OLTP, IoT, microservices, and AI/ML. How to Safely Delete Files and Directories Using Linux Command Line. yum install unixODBC* Disable Secure Linux. We can only delete empty directories with rmdir. Furtunately Linux Mint makes it easy to accomplish this. ), that is used by SAP to compress and decompress nearly all delivered files. Exists Imports System. Easier 1-2-3 Droid 2 Root for Windows / Linux / Mac. Using Linux rm command to delete, remove hidden files and folder - Basic Linux Command. For some Linux distributions 9, there is an alternative mechanism for mixing 32-bit and 64-bit libraries known as multilib. 7 – 32 or 64 bit version depending on which version of VapourSynth you want to install. YOUR FIRST BATCH FILE: Let's select a task that involves only a few steps. Ever wanted to create your own Linux distro but were at a loss where to start? It is easier than you think. *? The command: zip -r mydir. We’ve already laid the foundation — freeing you to create without sweating the small things. Foremost can work on image files, such as those generated by dd, Safeback, Encase, etc, or directly on a drive. One other thing that might be going on is that you're using the wRoNG cAsINg. , NFS, SMB, CIFS, FUSE), the kernel may be unable to serve the network file through its own cache. That’s why — with the help of dedicated volunteers around the world — we make the Firefox Browser available in more than 90 languages. file barnett - DONE - There are two problems with this script. This includes files, folders, and hidden ". So, the better way is to use rsync –exclude-from option as shown below, where you can list all the files (and directories) you want to exclude in a file. ORACLE-BASE - Oracle DBA and development articles, scripts, HOWTOs and forums (8i, 9i, 10g, 11g, 12c, 13c, 18c, 19c) Articles Oracle 8i Oracle 9i Oracle 10g Oracle 11g Oracle 12c Oracle 13c Oracle 18c Oracle 19c Miscellaneous PL/SQL SQL Oracle RAC Oracle Apps WebLogic Linux MySQL. Read on to find out more. For information on becoming a network dentist, enter the state where you practice. txt files in the current directory are combined in alphabetical order as everything-together. Get and display the file size and the directory size using du command. Mastering these commands can give you complete control over. As the docs explain, sys. This command just renames the existing file/folder and does not create a new file. 5 folders- in directory called basic---i use cp command-- then it copies basic and everything in it not the 5 folders. -name frcode. Meeting Schedule Renew Certificate Verify Certificate Update Contact Info EMS Scope of Practice The Board/Division Committees RPAB Position Papers Disciplinary Actions Naloxone Information Ohio Trauma Triage Pro Board Certification Agency Directory EMS News Request EMS/Trauma Data Live Fire Instructor Hazard Recognition Officer Public Safety. Slax is a modern, portable, small and fast Linux operating system with modular approach and outstanding design. I have realized many times this, even today also we are going to discuss about such kind of topics. Using the date command to get the current date and time on the system. 2) SDL_ttf (≥ 2. Only GitLab enables Concurrent DevOps to make the software lifecycle 200% faster. The Linux copy is is known to work in recent Debian and Fedora distros, including Ubuntu. It is a file that acts as a container for other files. 76 KB: Help. Featuring push-to-deploy, Redis, queues, and everything else you could. you refer to the previous directory, that is the one above the current directory in the file system tree. Ordinarily, without a batch file, one would log on to the appropriate drive, change to the WordPerfect directory, and then issue the command to start WordPerfect. Once you have everything installed then: Unzip netbeans-11. How can I make a zip of all the files and subdirectories in the directory mydir, except all those files/dirs that begin with a. Unique and powerful suite of software to run your entire business, brought to you by a company with the long term vision to transform the way you work. This filters every object in the current hierarchy (. So if you are wanting to change your current working directory to your home directory, you can run cd /home/max as max is my username. zip automatically chooses the better of the two for each file to be compressed. If you're using a 64-bit version of Linux, make sure you first install the required libraries for 64-bit machines. In this article, we will show you how to delete files in a directory except certain file extensions or types using rm, find and globignore commands. 6) SDL_mixer (≥ 1. So I fired up a fresh VM with Xubuntu I had recently installed and added the SEUQuake add-on to Firefox – which was still at version 16 at that time. Let’s suppose you have a folder structure which you need to copy to another place and exclude some subfolders and files during copying. …use the rmdir command to remove a directory/folder, folder must be empty. $ DIR/SIZE/OWNER/PROT FRED*. mod file defines the precise set of packages available for use by the go command, through require, replace, and exclude statements. Bundler provides a consistent environment for Ruby projects by tracking and installing the exact gems and versions that are needed. An absolute path indicates the location of a directory in relation to this top-level directory. Almost every Linux Admin use this utility (for backing up their critical data) which is something call tar, tar allows you easily and quickly backup your files folder or your entire system. Turn your smartphone into a wireless universal remote control with the Unified Remote App. Git is easy to learn and has a tiny footprint with lightning fast performance. Fastboot allows you to send commands to the bootloader, which means you can flash/modify things like custom recoveries, stock firmware or factory images etc. Note that, with rename command, we can’t move the files to another drive or directory. Copy (or move) the JDK file from the directory where you downloaded it to the current directory. Commands that refer to filenames, as most do, assume that you’re talking about files in the working directory. This directory has root permissions, so keep in mind to run sdk manager as root. -e Path to a file for folder in the package to extract. 2 Common Linux commands--system info pwd Print working directory, i. Ever wanted to create your own Linux distro but were at a loss where to start? It is easier than you think. The path will not have a trailing / unless it is the root directory (of a drive or share on Windows). Develop more. The number of railcards cannot exceed the number of travellers Please provide a rails card type. Shell aliases apply only to the current shell. If you would like to list directories first and than the files with the linux ls command you would have to execute the following ls command ls-l--group-directories-first. Install the latest version of VMware Tools to enhance the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improve virtual machine management. This article contains a brief list of commands that most UNIX DBAs will need on a regular basis. It is also available in AUR in Arch Linux. The rm command can be used to remove both files and directories. For instructions, how to build GIMP from source code, please see this page. One alternative to painstakingly removing all the contents of a directory that you just want to make disappear is to use the rm -r command. Copy (or move) the JDK file from the directory where you downloaded it to the current directory. Linux uses the mv (move) command to rename for either a directory (folder) or a file. To extract a zip file with a single member, use a command like gunzip linux > usage > commands Linux commands. The diagram below shows the structure. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Teletype for Atom makes collaborating on code just as easy as it is to code alone, right from your editor. You already know that it is used to copy one or more files or directories from source to destination. zip * This will recursively (-r) preserve all (*) files and directories of files in the current directory (kit123), and as relative paths (-p) are preserved automatically unless the -j option is present, the directory structure will be as you wished. You'll find everything about OWASP here on or linked from our wiki and current information on our OWASP Blog. To copy all of the files and subdirectories in the current working directory to the directory /target, use: tar cf - * | ( cd /target; tar xfp -) The first part of the command before the pipe instruct tar to create an archive of everything in the current directory and write it to standard output (the - in place of a filename frequently. If n > 0, Readdirnames returns at most n names. sh file as executable and run it. Usually you can then already run this application when you specify its location e. the closest i could get was to search 'only' the current directory, which is the opposite of what i wanted. If the specified pathname is a directory, ls displays information on every file in that directory (one file per line). The umount command is used to manually unmount filesystems on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems. If the directory is not empty or you do not have permission to delete it, you will see. To remove a directory that you own, use the rmdir command. Your customizable and curated collection of the best in trusted news plus coverage of sports, entertainment, money, weather, travel, health and lifestyle, combined with Outlook/Hotmail, Facebook. See the download page for other maintained versions. pdf ldap_config. I am looking for a solution to move files that are year older from today. copy2()) to dst and then removed. You can type dir on Windows or ls on Linux or Mac followed by "Enter" to see a list of the files in the current "directory" (i. Gpg4win is a Windows version of GnuPG featuring a context menu tool, a crypto manager, and an Outlook plugin to send and receive standard PGP/MIME mails. This page contains some longer HowTos for achieving different tasks on CentOS systems. Also a leading directory name (e. Here is a huge list of all the Linus terminal commands and their Windows equivalents. 04 or later, you can install PyCharm from the command line: sudo snap install [pycharm-professional|pycharm-community] --classic. The action and each option must be separated by at least one space. On Linux on Itanium, sendfile may be unable to handle files over 2GB in size. [Some systems may not even *have* the "udp connected socket" concept, and netcat in its current form will not work for UDP at all. This is where you select the directory that contains the files you want to batch rename. This is done with the zip -r command. The redirection capabilities built into Linux provide you with a robust set of tools used to make all sorts of tasks easier to accomplish. The main module's go. I'd like to compress and package everything, including files and folders in current directory, into a single ZIP file on Ubuntu. you refer to the previous directory, that is the one above the current directory in the file system tree. cp is one of the basic command in Unix. Put everything in the current head's Documentation/ directory into git-1. The next line prints a directory listing showing that the current directory now includes the extracted file in addition to the original archive. To get a command to run at 30 minutes past every hour, run the following command:. The destination can consist of a drive letter followed by a colon, a directory name, or a combination. Whether you’re writing complex software or performing file management through the command line, knowing how to manipulate the different I/O streams in your. Just remember that the finished zip filename is the first argument and the directory you wish to recursively zip comes after. See the download page for other maintained versions. cd dir - Change directory to dir cd - Change to home mkdir dir - Create a directory dir pwd - Show current directory. You can unzip the contents and put it in the directory of your choice. The symbol "~" is a special shortcut character that can be used to refer to your home directory. pdf apache_install. If you’re on Ubuntu 16. Nearly all command names and most of their command line switches will be in lowercase. Using pwd command to print current working directory on Linux shell - Basic Linux Command. txt files in the current directory are combined in alphabetical order as everything-together. The ``--directory'' option tells tar to first switch to the following directory path (the ``/'' directory in this example) prior to starting the backup. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: